USCT Soldiers at Aiken’s Landing, Library of Congress LC-DIG-cwpb-02032

Recently I came across a very poignant quote relating to slave surnames I just had to share. That’s a topic I have discussed here at Reclaiming Kin several times and one that has no easy or simple formula that applies to every situation. So, I often collect data on surnames as I research.

While at the National Archives, I pulled the Civil War Pension File for a former USCT soldier named Abram Sherrod. He served in the war under the surname Sherrod, which was the name of his last owner.

The Special Investigator was trying to understand why Abram went by the surname James after the war. This was common, by the way, for soldiers who had been enslaved. Some simply used other names because they were runaways.

What was Abram’s reason?

Julia Pearson, whose husband served with Abram, made it very clear in her affidavit dated 9 March 1895:

“I can give the reason for him and many others others changing their names. It was for this reason to save their lives in the year of 1867 the CluClux being verry bad in Bolivar Co, Mississippi killing all of the old soldiers they could find that had been in the Army. He and many others changed their names to their father’s names to keep from being known by them…”

When I first read that, it simply took my breath away. It should remind us all of the extraordinary levels of brutality and violence that African-Americans suffered during Reconstruction.

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